The arrival of the monsoon season carries with it a slew of possible health risks, including eye infections. During this time, the increased humidity and stagnant water create a breeding environment for bacteria and viruses, which can cause various eye disorders. Eye flu, commonly known as conjunctivitis, is a common problem many individuals suffer from.
This blog article shall illustrate the causes, symptoms, prevention, and management of eye infections during the monsoon season, particularly Eye flu – the most pervasive among all eye infections.
Causes of Eye Infections During Monsoon
- Bacterial and Viral Contamination: Rainwater and stagnant water can be contaminated with various bacteria and viruses, making it easy for these pathogens to come into contact with your eyes.
- Poor Hygiene: Touching your eyes with unwashed hands, sharing towels, and using contaminated eye makeup can introduce harmful microorganisms to your eyes.
- Increased Humidity: High humidity levels during the monsoon can promote a conducive environment for the growth and fast spread of viruses & bacteria.
Common Eye Infections During Monsoon
Conjunctivitis (Eye Flu): With conjunctivitis, the transparent, thin layer of tissue that lines the inside of the eyelids and covers the whites of the eyes becomes inflamed. It spreads quickly across crowded areas because of how infectious it is.
Stye: A stye is a painful red bump that forms either on the inside or outside of the eyelid due to a bacterial infection in the eyelids’ oil glands.
Keratitis: Keratitis refers to the inflammation of the Eye’s cornea, which bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites can cause. The condition may cause blurry vision and sensitivity to light.
Preventive Measures for Eye flu and other contagious eye infections
- Frequent Handwashing: Regularly wash your hands with soap and rinse adequately with water for at least 20 seconds, especially before touching your eyes.
- Avoid Touching Eyes: Refrain from rubbing or touching your eyes with your fingers, as it can transfer germs from your hands to your eyes.
- Use Clean Towels and Linens: Use clean towels and bed linens to prevent the transfer of bacteria to your eyes.
- Avoid Crowded Places: During an outbreak of eye infections, avoid crowded areas to reduce the risk of exposure.
- Proper Eye Makeup Hygiene: Replace eye makeup products frequently, avoid sharing them with others, and remove makeup before sleeping.
Management and Treatment of Eye Flu
- Consult an Eye Specialist: If you experience any mentioned symptoms of eye infections like redness, itching, discharge, or pain, consult an eye specialist immediately.
- Applying Warm Compress: Using a warm compress can help alleviate discomfort and promote drainage for styes or eye flu.
- Prescribed Eye Drops or Ointments: Follow your doctor’s advice and use prescribed eye drops or ointments to treat the infection.
- Avoid Contact Lenses. It is advised to switch to eyeglasses if you are using contact lenses; until your eye infection heals completely.
- Rest and Hydration: Get sufficient rest and stay hydrated to support your body’s immune system.
It is critical to take additional care of your eyes during the monsoon season to avoid infections, especially Eye flu. You can protect your eyes from common illnesses like conjunctivitis by practising excellent hygiene, avoiding crowded locations during outbreaks, and seeking immediate medical assistance when necessary. Stay alert, follow the preventative and treatment advice provided, and have a safe and enjoyable monsoon season!